Main occupational safety and health focuses, expenses, and measures
General safety focuses and expenses [GRI 403-2]
In an effort to reduce the level of injuries and occupational diseases among workers, Inter RAO employs the programs ‘Work and Workers’ Life Safety’ and ‘Workers’ Health and Active Life’. These programs feature the following measures that help to prevent and reduce injuries and occupational diseases among workers:
- A set of measures to ensure the safety of production activities at the Group’s facilities
- Equipment for workplaces and support for employees’ working conditions
- Technical safety audits of production activities at the Group’s companies
- Compensation for harmful factors in the workplace
- Worker accident insurance
- Additional compensation in the event of an employee’s on-the-job injury or death in the workplace through the fault of the employer
- Compulsory and voluntary medical insurance for employees (CMI and VMI)
- Ergonomic measures to ensure workplace safety for the Company’s employees
- Additional leave for workers with special working hours and special working conditions
- A flexible schedule (atypical working hours) for certain categories of the Company’s employees
- Collective sports and recreational activities for the Company’s employees
- Payment for renting a sports facility for collective sports and the payment of wellness services
- Compensation for the temporary disability of a Company employee due to illness
- A medical rehabilitation program for the Company’s employees
- Organization of internal corporate professional excellence competitions as well as meetings and conferences on occupational safety, industrial safety at hazardous production facilities, and fire and environmental safety
- Briefings on occupational and fire safety for employees
- Training on environmental safety, first aid methods, and the testing of workers’ knowledge of occupational safety, technical operation rules, and industrial and fire safety
- Investigation of accidents and the causes of accidents, fires, and process disruptions that occurred during the operation of equipment, buildings, and structures at the Group’s facilities
- Compilation of KPIs to ensure the safety of energy production
- Drafting of regulatory documents governing relations as regards occupational, industrial, fire, and environmental safety
Inter RAO has increased its investment in occupational safety in an effort to maintain a high level of occupational and production safety. Funds allocated for this purpose in 2019 increased by 44% compared with 2018 and amounted to RUB 1.91 bln, or RUB 39,000 per employee. This increase in expenses can be attributed to more proactive measures to improve working conditions as well as the implementation of additional sanitary and hygienic measures to prevent disease in the workplace.
Hazard identification, risk assessment, and accident investigation [GRI 403-2]
To reduce injuries, a risk-based approach is taken when planning and conducting extraordinary technical inspections. The Group conducts real-time monitoring of occupational, fire, industrial, and environmental safety management systems as well as targeted, comprehensive, scheduled, and extraordinary audits of the technical safety of production activities.
Workplace incidents are registered in accordance with the requirements of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation and Resolution No. 73 of the Ministry of Labor and Social Development of the Russian Federation dated October 24, 2002 “On the Approval of the Forms of Documents Required to Investigate and Record Workplace Accidents, and Regulations on Special Aspects of Investigations into Workplace Incidents at Individual Industries and Organizations.”
An internal analysis of the causes of accidents is submitted to the heads of the relevant segments of Inter RAO. After the accidents are investigated, measures are developed to prevent similar incidents in the future. Based on an assessment of the causes of the accidents, additions (changes) are made to the standards for providing employees with personal protective equipment, adjustments are made to staff training programs, internships, briefings, testing, piggyback training (for operational workers), and advanced training is offered.
A special assessment of working conditions is conducted to identify the actual levels of harmful production factors. In 2019, Inter RAO conducted a special assessment of working conditions (SAWC or workplace assessment) at 12,434 work stations, which was in line with its target. Based on the assessment results within the Group, most of the work stations are classified as class 2 (permissible) and class 3.1 and 3.2 (harmful). In 2020, SAWCs will be conducted at 6,607 work stations in order to improve working conditions in the workplace.
Thematic lectures, talks, seminars, meetings, training, and thematic sessions are held for employees on how to handle equipment breakdowns, the proper actions to take when dealing with emergencies, industrial process safety violations, overviews of injuries, training on risk identification in the workplace, and the review of occupational safety issues.
Workers’ participation in consultation and communication on occupational health and safety [GRI 403-4]
Other important components for identifying harmful and dangerous factors include holding talks with employees and reviewing proposals from employees and the elected body of the primary trade union organization in order to develop recommendations for improving working conditions and occupational safety. The Group’s companies have created occupational safety committees (commissions) that include an equal number of representatives of the employer and representatives of the elected body of the primary trade union organization. The committee is an integral part of the occupational safety management system and is also one of the forms whereby employees take part in occupational safety management. The Committee operates based on the principles of a social partnership. In 2019, the occupational safety committees included 651 employees, held 268 meetings, and adopted 487 decisions.
In accordance with the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, the Group’s companies conclude collective bargaining agreements that govern social and labor relations between employees and the employer. Such agreements address:
- Work and rest schedule, working conditions, benefits, guarantees and compensation, and the obligations of the employer in terms of ensuring occupational safety requirements
- Standards for the issuance of special gear (footwear) and personal protective equipment (PPE)
- Standards for issuing flushing and neutralizing agents
- The employer’s obligations regarding training and staff development
- An action plan to improve working conditions at the organization
Prevention and mitigation of occupational health and safety impacts directly linked by business relationships [GRI 403-3, 403-7]
In an effort to minimize injuries, Inter RAO regularly evaluates the effectiveness of the measures it has taken to prevent incidents, occupational diseases, and accidents, and also takes corrective and preventive measures, including ones that aim to improve safety levels. The OIFESMS establishes a uniform procedure for all the Group’s companies to organize and engage in occupational, industrial, and fire safety work, including a five-stage control system that not only helps verify the activities of departments but also contractors in terms of ensuring the protection of the safety and health of employees and third parties. Special comprehensive programs are developed at each subsidiary and their branches to improve working conditions and prevent injuries in accordance with working conditions at each facility.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is provided to the Group’s employees based on the established requirements of regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. A clear list with the names of the PPE for each profession and position has been established. PPE is provided in accordance with the Methodology for the Provision of Personal Protective Equipment. Additional requirements have been imposed on suppliers and manufacturers of PPE for continuous improvements to the quality of the products and the use of new technologies.
In order to prevent and detect occupational diseases in a timely manner, in-process monitoring is carried out to ensure compliance with sanitary rules and the fulfillment of sanitary and anti-epidemic (preventive) measures (laboratory studies and tests of environmental factors).
Employees are regularly vaccinated in order to prevent viral and infectious diseases. Enterprises also carry out pest control. Staff is provided with flushing and neutralizing agents in accordance with applicable standards.
In jobs with harmful working conditions, workers are provided with milk or equivalent products as well as effective PPE.
All production and office premises have quick access to first-aid kits that are regularly replenished as well as access to drinking water.
Worker training on occupational health and safety [GRI 403-5]
Occupational safety training is provided in accordance with the Procedure for Occupational Safety Training and Testing the Knowledge of Occupational Safety Requirements for Employees of Organizations, which was approved by Decree No. 1/29 of the Ministry of Labor and Social Development and the Ministry of Education dated January 13, 2003, as well as the Rules for Work with Personnel at Electric Power Industry Organizations of the Russian Federation, which was approved by Order No. 49 of the Ministry of Fuel and Energy dated February 19, 2000. Worker training programs are free of charge for workers and are conducted both off-the-job (at training schools) and on-the-job (not directly at the enterprise). Employee training time is paid by the employer in the prescribed manner and is considered official work time.
In 2019, 21,721 employees underwent free occupational safety training and knowledge testing of occupational safety requirements for employees and occupational safety commissioners.
Inter RAO regularly implements occupational safety training programs for staff, including:
- Employee training for new positions with an internship and on-the-job training, piggyback training (for operational employees), knowledge testing, and advanced training
- Emergency and fire-fighting exercises
- All types of safety training for the Group’s staff and the personnel of contracting organizations
- Special training for employees and advanced training
- Holding monthly occupational safety days
- Thematic video lessons, including on the prevention of injuries when working with electrical installations, working at height, working in confined spaces, working on pressurized equipment, performing construction work, during loading and unloading, and working with lifting constructions, devices, and mechanisms
- Training workers on safe working methods and the proper use of tools, devices, and personal protective equipment
Newly hired employees are trained for their new positions according to the plans and programs approved by the organization’s senior executive. In the process of training for a new position, electrical engineers, drivers, as well as blue-collar workers undergo internships at the workplace. The internship is conducted under the guidance of a responsible trainer, and employees must undergo a test of their knowledge upon completion of the internship.
The Group provides internal and external training on occupational safety. Internal training programs include:
- First aid training program for on-the-job accidents.
- Staff training programs for specific professions and types of work that include materials on the rules, instructions, and regulatory documents on possible risks that lead to injuries in the workplace as well as safety measures to eliminate such risks.
For II-V group electrical personnel, external training programs on electrical safety are held at specialized training centers on the following topics:
- Basic requirements for ensuring the safe operation of electrical installations.
- Electrical safety at existing electrical installations of up to 1,000 Volts and work performance.
- Rules for the use of protective equipment used in electrical installations.
- Staff requirements and training. The procedure and conditions for safe work in electrical installations. Technical measures to ensure work safety in electrical installations.
- General information about electrical installations. Wiring diagrams, equipment layouts, and manufacturing processes. Grounding and protective measures. Lightning protection.
- Occupational safety rules during the operation of electrical installations.
- Rules for the use and testing of protective equipment used in electrical installations.
- Rules for the release of people hurt by electric current and first aid. Practical methods for providing first aid to people injured on-the-job.
Upon conclusion of the course ‘Rules of Working with Electrical Installations for Electricity Consumers,’ a special commission holds an exam for students. If the employee passes the exam, he/she is assigned the corresponding electrical safety group.
Emergency response training
Employees are provided with training on what to do in an emergency in accordance with the corporate training program on civil defense and emergency protection.
The Sochinskaya TPP of JSC Inter RAO – Electric Power Generation (СTPP) is home to an advanced training complex that trains staff on how to act in emergency situations. The software and hardware platform fully reproduces the algorithms of the entire production process. The simulator created specifically for the Sochinskaya TPP at the generating facilities of the Krasnodar Territory is one of a kind. In the new training class, CTPP employees receive advanced training and hone their emergency response skills. They can simulate any abnormal situation on computer monitors, whether it is a shutdown of a pump, electric motor, or turbine. Special training classes for the personnel of electrical, heat engineering, and chemical workshops on a unique simulator are held regularly. The complex will help eliminate emergency situations that arise through the fault of operational staff.
Training simulators for the operational staff of power plants based on innovative Russian information technologies are equipped as part of the R&D program (for more details, see the ‘R&D Projects’ section).
Worker health protection programs [GRI 403-3, 403-6]
Inter RAO devotes serious attention to the treatment and wellness of its employees, the provision of high-quality medical care, and the organization of health resort treatment for workers. The Group’s companies regularly conduct screenings and periodic medical checkups as well as pre-shift and post-shift examinations of employees who work in harmful and dangerous production environments. For most employees, the Company ensures long-term voluntary medical insurance (VMI) agreements are concluded with an insurance organization that offer a wide range of insurance coverage. VMI provides outpatient services, emergency and planned inpatient treatment, emergency medical care, and insurance for employees traveling abroad. Treatment for occupational diseases is generally not included in the VMI insurance program. The Group’s enterprises have approved the following processes to ensure the prevention and earlier detection of occupational diseases:
- Preliminary medical examinations of newly hired employees.
- Mandatory psychiatric examinations for employees who perform certain types of jobs, including activities that involve hazards (with harmful substances and adverse production factors), as well as those working in dangerous conditions.
- Mandatory periodic medical checkups in order to monitor the health of workers, ensure the timely detection of diseases and early signs of exposure to harmful and/or hazardous production factors, and to provide timely preventive and rehabilitation measures that aim to preserve the health and rehabilitate workers.On the basis of lists, a healthcare organization’s medical commission determines the list of medical specialists and the types of laboratory and functional studies. Workers are referred for medical examinations with a list of doctors and studies. Based on the examinations results, a treatment group is determined, if necessary, with recommendations for disease prevention, including occupational diseases. If it is difficult to determine an employee’s professional suitability, the healthcare organization sends the employee to a professional occupational pathology center or a specialized medical organization, which may conduct an examination regarding the connection of the disease with the employee’s profession and whether or not the employee is fit for work.
- Vaccinations in accordance with the national vaccination calendar, seasonal immunization as well as tetanus and rabies shots.
- Pre-shift medical examinations of operating staff are conducted by the assistant paramedic or therapists at the health center prior to the start of shifts in order to exercise workers’ rights to health and safe working conditions. The pre-shift examinations determine whether an employee is ready to work. Medical assistants from the health centers report the results of the pre-shift examinations to the shift supervisors each shift as well as prepare monthly reports. [GRI 403-3]
- First-aid kits with medicines are available at all structural units.
- Organization of health resort treatment for employees for whom such treatment is recommended based on the results of an annual medical examination (at least 7 days) or employees of pre-retirement age (at least 14 days).
In accordance with Federal Law No. 323 “On the Fundamentals of Protecting the Health of Citizens in the Russian Federation” dated November 21, 2011, information about an employee’s health and diagnosis as well as other information obtained during a medical examination and treatment constitute privileged medical information. The only result of the physical examination sent to the employer is an indication of whether or not the employee is fit for work. This condition is thoroughly detailed in medical examination contracts.
VMI contracts require the insurer to ensure confidentiality in accordance with the legislation on public health. The insurer receives written consent from the insured persons under the VMI program for the insurer and organizations that provide medical services to process the personal data of the insured persons, including personal data of special categories as well as data constituting privileged medical information, in accordance with the requirements of the current legislation of the Russian Federation. As part of the program, when traveling outside their permanent place of residence, insured persons exempt attending physicians from the obligation to preserve medical confidentiality and agree to provide the treatment company or insurer with treatment documentation as well as documentation of their health condition prior to the occurrence of an insured event, if necessary.
Combatting health discrimination
The Inter RAO Code of Ethics does not tolerate any form of discrimination against employees, including discrimination based on health, and requires each employee to be granted equal opportunities to develop an effective professional career.
In order to combat discrimination against employees based on their health, the ‘Work and Workers’ Life Safety Program’ that has been made a part of the collective bargaining agreement for 2018-2020 at many of the Group’s companies provides a package of guarantees and compensation in the event that an employee goes on disability as a result of an injury through the fault of the employer or occupational disease. The collective bargaining agreement also provides salaries for people working with disabilities in accordance with the current wage system and also observes the rights of persons with disabilities to shorter working hours without reducing the set level of wages.
Employees are selected and hired in accordance with the requirements of the Labor Code of the Russian Federation. At certain companies of the Group, jobs for persons with disabilities are allocated in accordance with a set quota in order to fulfill the constitutional principles of equality and freedom of labor in employment relations.
Workers who need to be transferred to another job for health reasons are relocated to another job that is available to the employer and is not contraindicated for the employee due to health reasons with the employee’s written consent.